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tv   Tech Know  Al Jazeera  April 19, 2015 12:30pm-1:01pm EDT

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a number of survivors have been found. speaking a short while ago, the italian prime minister said italy needs more help to tackle human trafficking . the u.n. has warned 90,000 people are running for their lives in iraq. a yemeni military commander and
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15,000 of his troops have thrown their support behind president mansur hadi backing the saudi-led campaign against the houthi rebels entering the 25th day. mosh more on the situation in yemen in the saudi arabia close to the border. what more can you tell us militants commander has announced this today and it was also announced on the local radio. the ministry of haramot, an interesting area vast and it flanks saudi arabia from the southeast earn border. almost half of the border with yemen is flanked by it. the commander is head of the first military district, very important there in it's strategic location.
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it is interesting progress. at the beginning, didn't have loyalty of one military brigade. now, the report suggests he has almost tep loyal to him. there is a big problem to him because hadi doesn't have a defense minister an army chief of staff on the ground. there is no centralized leadership for this group. ebb if the whole army of yemen is loyal to him, they need a central command. we have to wait and see how he is going to make use of this progress. >> there has been the issue of what al-qaeda in the arabian peninsula has been up to. they were in control of it seemed an air base in the area. tell us about the sig i was inniv cancer and how they fit in to the issue of the conflict then. >> al-qaeda is there, but al-qaeda doesn't have a contiguous territory in the area. they have this hit-and-run situation. they are being chased even by
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the local militia there they are not that popular, as you suggested in the report. also the air base you see talked about initially, there was this conception that it was controlled by al-qaeda but it turned out it is local tribes who wanted to take matters into their hands until the government of the hadi can come and help. so they took control of the air base, and they took control of the oil fields in habramut. and right now we can talk about momentum being made by hadi by hadi and his loyalists but as i said they need coordination in the field. >> thank you very much indeed. the latest on the situation in yemen. monitoring a news conference by the houthi needleader. we will bring you knees on what he has been seeing a little later on. >> first of all, we have more on the conflict where later in yemen, when the saudi-led
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coalition holds its daily briefing that's i think, just underway soon. we will bring you that as soon as it starts. now, let's move to afghanistan which has agreed to work with iran to counter threats from isil. it is the first ever attack in afghanistan by fighters linked to the armed group. 35 were killed on saturday. jennifer glasse has more. >> reporter: these are some of the victims of saturday's bombing, recovering in a jilalabad hospital. they have heard accusations that fighters affiliated by is isil are to blame. people are angry the government can't provide security. >> if it's da 'esh or taliban, we condemn such acts. it is not acceptable. the perpetrators should be punished. >> it has delayed the implementation of planned government reforms for months. in some areas the taliban has filled the vacuum. in gag ni province the tabtable
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tried and shot three men it says were guilty of murder. villagers came to the execution and said the taliban justice system is needed because government courts don't work. other than the isil claim of responsibility for the jilalabad attack there is no evidence the armed group has widespread support here there is potential for it to grow. >> the building blocks of da 'esh exist in afghanistan. we have the radicalized youth, a spread of weapon and ammunition in after beganstan. so, it's easy to recruit people for da 'esh. >> even if there is recruiting going on, some say afghanistan doesn't have the sectarian history that allowed isil to flourish in iraq and syria. afghan security forces are facing the first fighting season where they are fully in charge. only small nato presence remains, mainly to train afghan troops. the afghans received new helicopter did this month, but they are small air force covers just a fraction of the country. they still need to improve
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intelligence logistics and medical skills. >> the u.s. state department says any isil presence here is just a rebranding of marginalized taliban and that it's working with the afghan government to monitor any threat. president ghani said he has warned for months about a fledgling ice isil pressence here but says afghans won't allow the group to grow here kabul. >> security officials in afghanistan say 19 have been kidnapped taken by unknown gunmen. the police chief said they have been working there for weeks without any difficulties. tens of thousands of indian farmers are protesting in new deli on government rules on aexpiring their land. it was a tended by the vice president gandhi who hasn't been seen in public for two months. his mother who is the party president and the former prime minister was also there. they are angry about the governmentts plans to extend laws making it easier for land to be seized and for owners to
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be relocated. al jazeera's jamil was there. >> reporter: farmers have gathered here from several states around new delhi against the proposed land bill by bus, train, arrived to this valley to show the strength of their opposition. the central government the bjk came to power on the promise of development throughout the country. it said to build the roads, the housing, infrastructure needed to fulfill those promises it will need land from farmers. beforehand farmers could block any development if a majority of them got together. under the new bill though the government could override farmers if they edema development development
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to be necessary. >> through radio broadcasts and local meetings to convince them that this bill is good for everyone. but if the size of this rally is any indication many are not haven'ted of that. >> in pakistan many people in tribunal areas still rely on jergas to rule on despites. in some cases, the guilty have to give their daughter away to the victim's family as compensation. as nicole johnson reports, some say this practice should be scrapped. >> makno is paying the price for her father's crime. he killed a man during their village. a meeting of tribunal leaders known as a jerga agreed she would be handed over to the victim's family as compensation for the crime. >> as i was struggling with my husband. was it her fault?
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you killed someone. not her. i told him, you should go. >> in the end, the father defied the council's order and kept his daughter. >> there was threshremendous pressure from my wife. my daughter was a child. i realized this was brutality towards her. >> makno is afraid the victim's family will try to kidnap or kill her. campaigner salmanalea says she supports the tribal coun sizzle as long as they don't violate the rights of girls. people don't want to admit a girl who is ultimately going to go to an enemy's home to pay the price of her father's crime or her brother or her uncle, she is going to be mistreated. she is going to be treated like a slave for the rest of her life. >> the culture of giving daughters away is compensation as murder is slowly changing. many communities no longer
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support it and it's not acceptable. but when it does happen families are doing it in private because they don't want the police to find out. >> four years ago, swara were using girls as compensation became ill legal in pakistan. since then hundreds of tribal elders and families have been arrested and jailed. >> it has been beyond certain proportions people think that the jergas are only resolving issues through swara. . >> these men say the tribal councils are changing with the times. >> what do you think of the system of swara? >> it's very bad. it's very bad. >> they say they no longer give girls away permanently. >> now we symbolically present the girl to the aggrieved family. behind the scene, it's agreed they will return her with honor and respect. >> makno was a little girl when
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the council promised her to another family. now, she says she wants to study law and make the tradition of swara a thing of the past. nicole johnston al jazeera, merdan pakistan. >> police in south korea are questioning dozens of people after violence broke out at a protest. police fired tear gas and used water canon as demonstrators tried to march toward the president's office in seoul. the crowd gathered to mark one year since the ferry disaster. they accused the government of not improving safety standards since the incident. >> scientists in kenya are worrying the use of antibiotics to kill bacteria in culture are soaring where the demand for meat is growing. malcolm webb reports from nigh nairobi nairobi. >> reporter: business is booming for daniel. his chicken farms near nairobi.
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key to his suggestions are antibiotics. he puts them in their drinking water. he changes to another drug. >> you will find you have given the treatment as required but maybe 50% of the bugs have not been cured. so what happens, you have to change what you are using because that means it's not effect zarif. >> just a few kilometers in the city, it's takeaways like this where the chickens end up. every day, all across the developing oral more and more people are eating food like this and not only chicken bi other meat and animal products growing populations mean there are more mouths to feed. growing economies mean more can afford food like this. in a developed oral most countries reached their maximum meat consumption. in the world's giant emerging economies like china and brazil
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it's been growing for deck it's a and expected to go for decades to come. here in kenya, the boom is only really just begun. >> more meat means more antibiotics. >> means more bacteria will become resistant scientists say common infections that are easily treated now in the future will become untreatable and fatal and not just in animals but in people too. here at the headquarters of the international livestock research institute, scientists say they have detected a rapid increase in bacterial resistance in doling countries. biologist timothy robinson just published a paper on it. >> we are just starting now to gather the magnitude of the problem of anti-microbial resistance developing. it avshlts everybody in the world. everybody is dependent on anti-microbials for their public health andsnare livestock's health as well. it's a massive problem that's going to get worse and worst
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unless we start to deal with it now. >> farmers like daniel can't deal with this massive problem by themselves. keeping chickens healthsy what keeps his family if he had and his children in school. going to need help to do the same. malcolm webb nairobi, kenya. a state-of-the-art journey through ancient history. stunning replicas of prelivesok hist rego on display. what happens when today's innovations become tomorrow's junk?
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well, back. a record amount of electronic waste was discarded last year according to a new report from the united nations. millions of tongs of washing machines computers, t.v.s and other items are being dumped, but they can often be toxic or contain valuable elements. here is our technology editor. >> reporter: last year a record 41.8 million tons of so-called ewaste was discarded around the oral much that's 2 million more than the year before and the u.n. says as much as 50 million tons could be dumped each year by 2018. if you loaded this waste into 40-ton trucks and parked them bumper to bumper it would stretch from new york to tokyo and back again. put it another way. it weighs around 110 times more
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than the empire state building or seven times more than the great pyramid of giza. as the mountain gets bigger so does the problem. less that one 6th of this is getting recycled. this means around 300 tons of gold, about a 10th of global production and a thousand tons of silver is left unrecovered in the waste. there are also millions of tons of harmful lead mercury and other compounds being dumped. much of the ewaste is shipped to developing countries, china, india, nigeria and ghana receive the most. it's here the toxic elements end up in the up in the
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environment. people are being allowed to vote for opposition candidates at a municipal level. at least two of the 27,000 candidates don't finds full loyalty to the castro did. one of the candidates is a member of the democratic cuba party officially outlawed. it comes after a historic meeting between castro and u.s. president barack obama. the summit of the americas in panama earlier this month. a fast-moving wildfire is sweeping through parts of southern california. the pfeiffer which started on saturday evening has burned through about 300 acres near los angeles, although know injuries have been reported. authorities had issued an evacuation order for 200 homes in the drought stricken area. this has been lifted. it's you know clear what started the blaze. a province in the philippines notorious for gun culture is slowly undergoing an image makeover. a group of keen ranchers are working to start it as a road
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yeah. a report. >> mazbati is home to thousands of bakers of beautiful pastures like this one. it's land perfect for cattle ranching, and its people herders and riders for many generations. but that's not the only reason why it is called the wild wild west of the philippines. it also has a long history of political violence. for decades, it had one of the highest number of election-related killings but the province long notorious for guns goons and gold is slowly changing. and it's all because of this. t. >> it will begin to promote the province following a decline in its cattle population. it is the only known rodeo in asia and something that is seen by many philippines here as uniquely theirs. despite western origins. >> the game is raw and violent.
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much like the political landscape but the festival held rebuild the image. hundreds come here to participate in the annual festival that is said to be the largest sports festival in the country. >> for us cowboys, it's nice to have something like this. hours are an extension of our own. it's home tom have a road yes festival that can be appreciated. >> it's popularity has again over the last few years. it has also helped boost the local economy and tourism. organizers here make sure the festival remains apolitical. >> it is known for two things. one, of the political violence during election time and its industry the cattle industry. the purpose was modified to include the promotion of our tradition industry -- tourism industry. this time serves to unify
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politicians and the people of masbati. >> still, politicians do not shy away. hardly anybody wins seats here in a land where a majority of the people are poor residents say they are grateful. this is what kept the province together: this rodeo which has long been the game of the rich and the powerful. jamal, philippines. the funeral for pro-russian republicanian journalist took plates in kiev after he was killed in a daylight drive-by shooting. a supporter of moscow president yanukovych often expressed strong views in a daily newspaper. it's the latest in a spate of mystery death did among allies. the russian president says the murders are political but ukrainian president poroshenko describes them as deliberate acts to play into the hands of ukraine's enemies.
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>> turkish votings are electing a new president. polls show ahead in the lead ahead of 6 other candidates, but not expected to evade a run-off. they are set to restart after the presidential election. >> a new museum dedicated to cave art is opening in southern france. it houses a perfect replica of the caves, one of the most pre prehistoric finds in the world. the actual caves are disclosed but the public will soon be able to see the reproductions. jonah hull reports. >> to enter the dark cave is to take a journey into prehistory. >> this is a way to approach to come closer to our -- to your ancestors. >> on these limestone walls,
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36,000 years ago early men drew animals, some like cartoons in motion. more accurately walls like these, this immaculate rep plic character can a of the famed cave has been called a masterpiece of modern enginuity, accurate to the millimeter. >> we created a 3-demodel with hundreds of thousands across all axis. here are the footprints of cave bears, the bones of animals long extinct and the hand prints of man. the original cave is a few kilometers away from here. it's been closed to the public since it was discovered by the spiliologist. inside the original these structures the art works are so delicate they can be altered by
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a simple touch or destroyed completely over time by human breath and bacteria. now, the public can come face to face with a near perfect rendition of the oldest pre prehistoric paintings and drawings ever discovered. the waiting list for tickets is six months long. >> for our ancestors, 36,000 years ago, this cave was a sanctuary. when they entered it, it was to decorate the walls and to leave symbols. these symbols were an express of beliefs. this is spirituality. our ancestors had spirituality just like us. >> the air is cool to the bone and damp. they leave added cave-like humidity. it'sedes to forget you are inside something artificial easy to believe you are looking at the real thing. joan a hull al jazeera,
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pompdarc in southern france. >> we will back where we hope to bring you the briefing from the saudi led coalition on the latest developments on war in yemen and we will have details of what's being said as a separate news conference by the houthi leader hou. our main story has been the events in the mediterranean. migrants crisis there. italy's renzi called for a concerted international effort to block people traffickers after deaths of up to 700 migrants in the latest sinking in the mediterranean. don't forget any time you can catch up on details of that story plus all of the rest of the news on our website, the isil claims the ethiopian were on the wen sight and watch united states. see you in just a few minutes. bye for now.
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gh the search for the survivors after a boat carrying 700 migrants capsizes. >> live from london. also coming up as fighting continues in yemen, forces loyal to president hadi say they have recaptured his aden residence from houthi rebels. tens of thousands of people need the iraqi stit of ramadi as is isil forces close in t clashes at a university in cairo as muslim brotherhood supporters protes


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